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Health and Fitness

What is Spinal Disorder and its Types, Symptoms, Causes & Risk Factors?


Our spines change as we become older. The typical wear-and-tear consequences of age can cause the spinal canal to narrow. Spinal stenosis is the medical term for the spinal disorder.

By the age of 50, up to 95% of persons have degenerative abnormalities in their spine. Adults over the age of 60 are more likely to develop spinal stenosis. Both men and women experience pressure on their nerve roots.

A tiny percentage of the population is born with back issues that progress to lumbar spinal stenosis. Congenital spinal stenosis is the medical term for this condition. It is most common among men. Between the ages of 30 and 50, people commonly detect symptoms for the first time. If you are a citizen of Jaipur city and looking for a neurologist consult Dr. Sumit Kamble, he is the best neurologist in Jaipur.

What is Spinal Disorder?

Spinal Disorder is occurred due to the narrowing of the gap between your spine, which puts pressure over the nerves that travel through the spine. Mostly spinal disorders id occurred in the lower back and the neck. The symptoms of spinal disorder get worse more over time. Some people don’t even suffer from any type of early signs of spinal disorder and some may experience pain, tingling, numbness, and muscle weakness.

The spinal disorder is also known as spinal stenosis. It is usually caused by wear and tear changes in the spine related to osteoarthritis. In so many cases of spinal disorder, doctors suggest having surgery for creating space between the spinal cords.

Types of Spinal stenosis

There are two types of spinal disorders that can occur to anyone. It is classified according to the condition of the spine. There can be more than one type of spinal cord at a time. The two main types of spinal disorder are classified as follows:-

1. Cervical stenosis

This type of spinal disorder makes narrows the part of the spine in the neck.

2. Lumbar stenosis

This is the most common type of spinal stenosis. In this type, the narrowing occurs in the part of the spine in the lower back.

What are the symptoms of Spinal disorder?

Some people bring MRI or CT scan reports as proof of spinal stenosis but do not suffer from any type of symptoms and when the symptoms start to appear they start gradually and get worsen over time. Symptoms are differentiated on the basis of the location of spinal Stenosis and which nerves are affected.

Symptoms of the neck (cervical spine)

  • If you are suffering from Numbness or tingling in a hand, arm, foot, or leg
  • If you are facing Neck pain
  • In many cases, bowel or bladder dysfunction is suffered
  • If you are going through a weakness in a hand, arm, foot, or leg
  • If you are experiencing problems while walking and balancing.

Symptoms of Lower back pain (lumbar spine)

  •  face weakness in foot or leg
  • suffers through back pain
  •  go through numbness or tingling in a foot or leg.
  • feel pain or cramping in one or both legs when you stand for a too long period
  • If you feel pain when you walk, which usually gets normal when you bend forward or sit.

What are the Causes of the spinal disorder?

Every disease occur due to some reason, same as every disease Spinal disorder is also caused by the below-mentioned causes:-

  • bone gets overgrowth it may cause a spinal disorder.
  • If your ligaments got thickened it may cause spinal disorder
  • growth of abnormal cells develops then tumors can cause the spinal disorder.
  • If your disks are herniated it can cause a spinal disorder.
  • got any spinal injury then also it can cause a spinal disorder.

Also Read: Choose Spine Specialist To Get From Spine Problems

What are the risk factors of spinal disorder?

The majority of persons with spinal stenosis are over 50 years old. Old-age people are at the risk of more spinal disorders as compared to younger ones. While degenerative changes can induce spinal stenosis in younger persons, there are additional explanations to consider. Trauma, congenital spinal deformities like scoliosis, and a genetic condition that affects bone and muscle growth throughout the body are all examples. These reasons can be distinguished via spinal imaging.

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