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Social Change- Factors and theories

Sociology involves the study of society or to be more specific, its components as a whole. It studies and analyses the different human social behaviours,

the factors resulting into such behaviours, institutions of society and the culture influences that impact our daily life. Sociology is the study of various factors that have contributed to the resultant change in society with change in time. 

The students in this field have to study about these concepts, the related theories and then work upon the case studies.

Economic Factors

Therefore multiple aspects have to be studied by these students at a go, which makes them go for assignment help. Moreover, students who are in school and  have just started studying about sociological concepts, need more help with this complex  subject. 

The mind-boggling definitions and theories may confuse them and make them turn for help in homework

But before we delve into the in-depth meaning of the sociological concepts, let us have a brief look at them:

Sociological Perspectives

  • Society: Society is the unit of study in sociology. It is the collection of individuals, groups, culture, the social institutions and their influences on the individuals. Society comprises of various inter-related segments that function as a whole.
  • Sociological Perspective: This states that the society we live in, laves an impact on our nature, attitudes towards others and the society as a whole and our behaviours, as a result of all this. All in all the sociological perspective states that we are just not individuals but social beings.
  • Social Institution: These are the integrated set of social norms that are responsible to preserve the basic societal value. They can be government, state, religion, family, marriage, school, economy, etc. All these institutions have a value that they must preserve in order to ensure that the society works in a balanced manner.
  • Social Change: These are the changes in the human interaction pattern in the society resulting from the changes in various other sociological aspects. These changes are usually long-term in nature but may be sometimes short-term but with the same degree of impacts.
  • Social Factors: These factors are a part of the society and result in a great impact on the behaviour of individual. They also contribute to the social change. Multiple components in the society can work together to contribute to social change. 
  • Social Function: They preserve the societal value and are a proof of its efficient functioning. Thus these acts contribute to the continuous maintenance of the social systems. 
  • Social Structure: This is the arrangement of various institutions of society in order of their interaction with each other. 
  • Social Mobility: It refers to the movement of individuals from one section of the society to a different one. The movement can be horizontal (from one place to another) or vertical (from one class to another). 

One of these components- social change refers to the change in social structure, in the simplest terms. It refers to changes in the mode of one’s living patterns, these changes are observable in nature, these changes may alter the life of individuals, may cause change in social organizations and patterns and therefore, change in social relationships.

The British sociologist

The British sociologist, Morris Ginsberg stated that By social change, I understand the change in Social Structure; the size of the society, the composition or the balance of its parts, or the type of its organization. Another sociologist M E Jones said that social change can be used to describe variations in, or modifications of, any aspect o,

social patterns, social processes, social organization or social interaction. The writer of a popular book on Sociology, Majumdar says that social change may be defined as a new fashion or mode, either modifying or overall replacing the old in the lives of people or in the operation of society.  

These definitions are sufficient to sum up what social change is. Now we will study the characteristics of social change: 

  1.  is social, as the name suggests.
  2.  is universal
  3.  may be small scale or large scale
  4.  is continuous and occurs as an essential law.
  5.  leads to chain reaction sequences
  6. is bound by time factor
  7. It may be peaceful(gradual) or violent (rapid)
  8. Social changes involve no value judgements (its amoral; neither immoral or moral)
  9.  may be long term or short term
  10. Definite prediction of social change is impossible

The factors affecting social change are as follows:

  1. Demographic: It means the change in the size or structure of the society. These changes may be due to high fertility rate, low mortality rate or due to migration. 
  2. Cultural Factors: Culture is reflected in everything a person does. It reflects the expression of our nature and denotes the shared common values among people from same culture. These changes may happen due to new discoveries in the culture or some new invention, and due to the diffusion of people.
  3. Economic Factors

These among the other factors, are important. Thus students must understand them for doing their work without needing help in homework. And above all, the most easy way to understand these concepts is by being observant and then students would not require any assignment help.

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